Los Angeles lies in a bowl in Southern California, adjoining the Pacific Ocean, with mountains as higher as 10,000 feet (three,000 m), and deserts. The city, which covers close to 469 square miles (one,210 km2), is the seat of Los Angeles County, the most crowded district in the United States. The Los Angeles metropolitan zone (MSA) is home to 13.one million people, generating it the second–greatest metropolitan zone in the nation after New York. Higher Los Angeles incorporates metro Los Angeles just as the Inland Empire and Ventura County. It is the second most crowded U.S. joined measurable zone, likewise after New York, with a 2015 gauge of 18.seven million people. Property to the Chumash and Tongva, Los Angeles escorts had been assured by Juan Rodríguez Cabrillo for Spain in 1542. The city was established on September 4, 1781, by Spanish representative Felipe de Neve. It turned into a piece of Mexico in 1821 after the Mexican War of Independence. In 1848, towards the finish of the Mexican–American War, Los Angeles and the remainder of California had been purchased as a attribute of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, and in this manner turned out to be a piece of the United States. Los Angeles was consolidated as a region on April 4, 1850, 5 months ahead of California achieved statehood. The revelation of oil throughout the 1890s carried fast improvement to the city. The city was moreover extended with the finishing of the Los Angeles Aqueduct in 1913, which conveys water from Eastern California. Los Angeles has an assorted economic system and hosts organizations in a wide scope of skilled and social fields. It likewise has the busiest compartment port in the whole Americas. A worldwide city, it has been positioned sixth in the Global Cities Index and ninth in the Global Economic Energy Index. The Los Angeles metropolitan region likewise has a gross metropolitan end result of $one. trillion (starting at 2017), generating it the third-greatest city by GDP on the planet, after the Tokyo and New York City metropolitan territories. Los Angeles facilitated the 1932 and 1984 Summer time Olympics and will have the 2028 Summer time Olympics.