Phoenix is the capital and most populous city in Arizona, with 1,660,272 men and women (as of 2018). It is also the fifth most populous city in the United States, and the only state capital with a population of a lot more than a single million residents.
Phoenix is the anchor of the Phoenix metropolitan region, also acknowledged as the Valley of the Sun, which in turn is portion of the Salt River Valley. The metropolitan region is the 11th biggest by population in the United States, with about four.73 million men and women as of 2017. Phoenix is the seat of Maricopa County and the biggest city in the state at 517.9 square miles (1,341 km2), a lot more than twice the dimension of Tucson and a single of the biggest cities in the United States.
Phoenix was settled in 1867 as an agricultural local community near the confluence of the Salt and Gila Rivers and was incorporated as a city in 1881. It grew to become the capital of Arizona Territory in 1889. It is in the northeastern reaches of the Sonoran Desert and has a hot desert climate. In spite of this, its canal program led to a thriving farming local community with the unique settler’s crops remaining crucial elements of the Phoenix economic climate for decades, this kind of as alfalfa, cotton, citrus, phoenix escorts and hay. Cotton, cattle, citrus, climate, and copper had been acknowledged locally as the “Five C’s” anchoring Phoenix’s economic climate. These remained the driving forces of the city until finally soon after Planet War II, when large-tech organizations began to move into the valley and air conditioning made Phoenix’s hot summers a lot more bearable.
The city averaged a four % yearly population development rate above a forty–12 months period from the mid-1960s to the mid-2000s. This development rate slowed in the course of the Fantastic Economic downturn of 2007–09, and has rebounded slowly. Phoenix is the cultural center of the state of Arizona.